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杂交种文化
杂交种文化
杂交种文化
作者:加藤周一
格式:EPUB/MOBI/AZW3
时间:2024-04-20
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内容简介

  《杂交种文化》1956年,讲谈社出版了加藤周一论日本文化的代表作《杂交种文化》(日文书名:雑種文化),副标题为“日本的小希望”。全书收录《日本文化的杂交种性》《杂交种日本文化的希望》等多篇评论文章,从比较文化学角度分析了日本文化的特点。加藤指出,英、法文化是纯种文化,日本文化则是典型的杂交种文化。海外学者对加藤的部分观点持有异议,指出英、法文化并非纯种文化,也是多元文明长期融合的结果。对此,加藤在之后的研究中有所回应与补充。

  这是日本学者首次提出“杂交种文化”的观点,此书一经出版就引起了学界和社会上的广泛关注与讨论。日本学界评价加藤周一是具有国际化视野的第一人,其敏锐的洞察力和细致的分析能力令人惊叹。1974年,经作者调整篇目,讲谈社以文库本形式重新出版该书,使之成为最受读者欢迎的版本。《杂交种文化》现已成为日本各个大学日本语言文化、比较文学与世界文学等专业的必读书之一。“杂交种文化”这一表述也得到广泛使用,作为一个文化类型学概念,它不再特指日本文化,也用来泛指各种混合型文化。

  加藤周一从事文化研究的目的,主要是为了从思想深处挖掘日本文化中保守主义、集团主义等问题的症结,其主张日本文化的杂交种性是为了防止狭隘的大和民族至上主义。他在本书中表述的观点,在今天看来仍有其超越时间的独到价值。

  作者简介

  加藤周一(1919—2008),日本评论家、小说家、文化学者,被称为“知识巨匠”。1919年生于东京,1950年毕业于东京大学医学部,获医学博士学位。从小爱好文艺,尤其热爱日本古典与欧洲文化。1951年赴法国留学,在从事血液学研究的同时,游历欧洲各国,从比较文学与文化的角度入手,撰写了大量文艺评论文章,逐渐形成日本文化具有杂交种性的观点。以《日本文学史序说》(上下卷)、《日本文化中的时间与空间》等为代表的文学文化史研究不仅在日本学界占有重要地位,对海外日本学研究也产生了深远影响。与此同时,始终坚持战后民主与和平主义思想,于2004年6月和大江健三郎、鹤见俊辅等人发起并成立“九条会”,宣传保护日本宪法第九条的和平理念。

  翁家慧,1994年至2003年就读于北京大学日语系,获文学博士学位,留校任教至今。现任北京大学日语系副教授,北京大学东方文学研究中心兼职研究员,日本立命馆大学加藤周一现代思想研究中心客座研究员。著有《通向现实之路——日本“内向的一代”研究》,译有《大江健三郎传说》《广岛札记》《羊之歌:我的回想》《命》《生》等。



Hybrid Culture In 1956, Kodansha published Kato Monday's masterpiece on Japanese culture, Hybrid Culture (Japanese title: 雑 cultures), subtitled "Japan's Little Hope." The book includes a number of critical articles such as "Hybridity of Japanese Culture" and "the hope of Hybridity of Japanese Culture", and analyzes the characteristics of Japanese culture from the perspective of comparative culturology. Kato pointed out that English and French culture is a pure culture, while Japanese culture is a typical hybrid culture. Overseas scholars disagree with some of Kato's views, pointing out that the English and French cultures are not pure cultures, but the result of the long-term integration of multiple civilizations. In this regard, Kato responded and supplemented in the later research.

This is the first time that Japanese scholars put forward the idea of "hybrid culture", and the book has aroused wide attention and discussion in academia and society since its publication. The Japanese academic community praised Kato Monday as the first person with an international vision, and his keen insight and meticulous analytical ability are amazing. In 1974, after the author adjusted the title, Kodansha republished the book as a bunko edition, making it the most popular edition for readers. "Hybrid Culture" has become one of the required reading of Japanese language and culture, comparative literature and world literature in various universities in Japan. The term "hybrid culture" is also widely used, as a concept of cultural typology, which no longer refers specifically to Japanese culture, but also to various mixed cultures.

Kato engaged in cultural studies on Monday, mainly in order to dig out the crux of the problem of conservatism and collectivism in Japanese culture from the deep of the mind, and argued that the hybrid nature of Japanese culture is to prevent narrow Yamato nationalism. The ideas he expressed in this book still have a unique value that transcends time.

About the author

Monday Kato (1919-2008) was a Japanese critic, novelist, and cultural scholar known as the "master of knowledge." Born in Tokyo in 1919, he graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Tokyo in 1950 with an M.D. degree. Since childhood, I have been fond of literature and art, especially Japanese classical and European culture. In 1951, he went to France to study. While engaged in hematology research, he traveled around Europe and wrote a large number of literary and artistic criticism articles from the perspective of comparative literature and culture, gradually forming the view that Japanese culture has hybrid. Studies on the history of literature and culture, such as Preface to the History of Japanese Literature (Upper and Lower Volumes) and Time and Space in Japanese Culture, not only occupy an important position in the Japanese academic circle, but also have a profound impact on overseas studies of Japanese studies. At the same time, it has always adhered to the post-war democratic and pacifist ideology, and in June 2004, together with Kenzaburo Oe, Shunsuke Tsurumi and others, initiated and established the "Nine Kai" to promote the peace concept of protecting Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution.

Weng Jiahui studied in the Japanese Language Department of Peking University from 1994 to 2003, and obtained a Doctor of Literature degree. He is currently an associate professor in the Department of Japanese at Peking University, a part-time researcher at the Center for Oriental Literature Studies at Peking University, and a visiting researcher at the Kato Monday Center for Modern Thought Research at Ritsumeikan University, Japan. He is the author of "The Road to Reality: A Study of Japan's" Introverted Generation ", translated "The Legend of Kenzaburo Oe", "Hiroshima Notes", "Song of the Sheep: My Memories", "Life", "Life" and so on.

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